Making of an Egyptian Arab Nationalist: The Early years of

Format: Hardcover

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 9.63 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

This is an informative website devoted to Dr. Kramer's highly significant and controversial book by the same title. When the British advanced up the slope the next day, according to legend they saw a red flag, but we have no real knowledge of which American Flag was actually flown in this battle. Bush delivered a speech calling for an independent Palestinian state living side by side with Israel in peace. In response to the growing threat of Australian competition, Qatar reduced its price demands towards Japan last year despite the post-Fukushima surge in Japan’s LNG demand. [11] In addition, the North American gas supply push may eventually challenge the very basis of Asian LNG pricing: the use of oil-indexed formulas.

Continue reading

Full Circle: Escape from Baghdad and the Return

Format: Hardcover

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 6.70 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

While non-Arab countries tend to dominate the list of top sending countries in the 1990s, immigrants from Arab nations accounted for 42 percent of all Mideast immigration during the 1990s. Having a representative government, however, is not a factor in most countries within the region under discussion. Here in the United States, we’re often brought up and told we don't have propaganda. August 4, 2016 Rated 1 out of 5 by samt Waste of money. Once the war broke out, the Soviet Union scored some cheap propaganda points by threatening rocket attacks against the attackers while the real pressure for halting the attack came from Washington.

Continue reading

The Life of the King of the South North Kamari'a, Daughter

Format: Paperback

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 10.68 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

The study of Al-Laith [ 13 ] showed also that the famous white desert truffle T. nivea showed high antioxidant activities. The covenant was reaffirmed to Abraham’s son, Isaac (Genesis 26:1-5), and to Isaac’s son, Jacob (Genesis 28:3-4,13-14 and 35:10-12). Drawing from the medieval story cycles of Boccaccio, Chaucer, and the 1001 Nights, Pasolini eschewed the stately grandeur of the costume epic in favour of an earthier, more direct style. However, these characteristic fungal VOCs are important during fungal life cycle, not only to increase their market value but also to contribute to the nutritional and medicinal values of macrofungi.

Continue reading

Memory for Forgetfulness: August, Beirut, 1982 (Literature

Format: Hardcover

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 13.84 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

But Soviet policy, as usual, was confused and contradictory. These award-winning books of historical fiction for middle grade readers are all books I recommend. Although Iran’s government declared official neutrality during World War I, British and Russian fears over German propagandizing in the country prompted a de facto joint occupation in which Britain occupied central and southern Iran (including the oil zones), while Russia consolidated its hold over the north.

Continue reading

American Sniper LP: Memorial Edition

Format: Paperback

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 9.53 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

After an assignation attempt by Naguib, Nasser assumed his position as president until his death. He served as principal of both that school and Stonewall Jackson Junior High. FIFA was the first international organization to accept Palestine as a member without it being an internationally recognized state. If a women gives birth, and the left foot (of the child) is twisted - that house will prosper" (Tablet III, 83, 84, translation p. 62). "If a woman of the palace gives birth to a deaf child - the possessions of the king will be lost." ( Tab.

Continue reading

Lonesome Pine: The Bloody Ridge

Format: Paperback

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 14.29 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

The clash of superpowers would have to wait but the embargo continued. A judge returns from abroad to the West Bank city of Ramallah, where, because the government has run out of money to pay his wages, he must earn a living by driving his brother-in-law's taxi. In this chapter, consideration will be given only to weather and climate and the region’s plant and animal life. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website.

Continue reading

Black Gold Fever

Format: Paperback

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 15.00 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

The UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reports had reported previously that the temple had been at least in part damaged by ISIS. Nasser was president during the Six Day War and the War of Attrition. These ten countries together have an area of 5.1 million square kilometres, or about 3.4% of the Earth’s land surface, but they possess according to BP’s 2012 Statistical Review of World Energy, 48% of world’s known oil reserves and 38% of natural gas reserves.

Continue reading

Massoud: An Intimate Portrait of the Legendary Afghan Leader

Format: Paperback

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 12.74 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

He advocated the creation of small states, reflecting the country's regional and ethnic diversity.21 The territory of Geographical Syria was predominantly Arab, and among the Arabs pan-Arab nationalism held sway. King Abdullah noted on many occasions that the Arab Spring was not a constraint, but an opportunity, a wake-up call to Arab regimes for reform and change. We have no option but to soldier on, since no society can yet claim to be entirely free of racism or other forms of intolerance.

Continue reading

Leadership In Moments of Truth

Format: Hardcover

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 6.03 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

Meanwhile, Mexico's Pemex came back after suffering miserably in the post-nationalization years where it had almost become a net importer. Nonetheless, the author wishes to acknowledge the valuable assistance and keen perception of the following persons who were interviewed at length: Interview with George Haddad, August 2, 1974; interview with John L. and Helen S. The early 20th century has become a crucial point for the development of the Middle East region. “Prior to 1950, the countries of the Middle East exhibited some of the lowest levels of socioeconomic development in the world.” [1] However, with the discovery of the vast oil reserves, and their further utilization and active exportation, the Middle East region has experienced considerable changes in economic, political as well as social spheres. “The region’s large oil reserves ( 66 per cent of the world’s supply) have resulted in the rapid creation of wealth for some states” [2], mostly, oil-rich, as well as having altered the political and economic processes not only in the oil-exporting countries but also in the region as a whole.

Continue reading

Women's Autobiography in Contemporary Iran (Harvard Middle

Format: Paperback

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 7.50 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

That same year, Law No. 5 was expanded to include all Jewish holdings in Iraqi banks. The US has also provided Israel with enormous military aid, to the extent that in the Middle East, Israel has the most advanced and superior military. 7500 BC: Catal Huyuk (Taurus mountains in eastern Anatolia), obsidian trade, no city streets, terraced roofs, wall paintings (bull, woman) 7000 BC: Hassuna culture (north Iraq), ceramic pottery, geometric motifs 6200 BC: Samarra culture (north Iraq), symbolic motifs on pottery, plannet settlements, egalitarian society, funerary objects 6000 BC: Ubaid culture (south Iraq), irrigation, riverside settlements 4800 BC: Eridu culture (south Iraq), hierarchical social organization, monumental buildings 3500 BC: Sumerians control city-states between the lower Euphrates and Tigris rivers: Eridu, Ur, Uruk, Lagash, Umma, Nippur 3000 BC: Sumerians employ mathematics on base 60 (360 degrees in a circle, 60 minutes in an hour) 2900 BC: Uruk has 40,000 people and is divided in an administrative city and a residential city, while agriculture is delegated to the subjects outside the city 2350 BC: Bab edh-Dhra and Numeira, two towns in the Dead Sea valley, are destroyed by fire (Sodom and Gomorrah) 2340 BC: Sargon I of Kish builds a new capital, Agade (Akkad, later Babylon) and adopts the Semitic language Akkadian instead of Sumerian 2334 BC: Sargon defeats Lugalzagesi conquers Uruk, Ur, Lagash and Umma, thus uniting Akkadian and Sumerian peoples, thus becoming the first emperor in history 2278 BC: Sargon dies and is succeeded by his son Rimush, who sacks Elam 2200 BC: Royal graves of Alaca Hoyuk (Anatolia, 200 kms northeast of Ankara) 2180 BC: the Akkadian empire is destroyed by the Guti, who invade from the north, and the Elamites of Susa regain their independence 2112 BC: Ur-Nammu of Uruk recreates the Sumerian empire and rebuilds Ur, including the temple of Nanna and the three-terraced ziggurat 2094 BC: Ur-Nammu dies and is succeeded by his son Shulgi/Dulgi, who expands the Sumerian empire to Susa and to the north, bordering the Amorites to the west, the Elamites to the east and the Hurrians (Indo-European people) to the north 2017 BC: the Sumerian governor of Mari, Ishbi Erra, establishes his own dynasty with capital at Isin 1932 BC: Gungunum becomes king of the Amorites with capital at Larsa, builds the E-Babbar temple and conquers Ur and Elam 1900 BC: the Sukkalmah dynasty seizes power in Elam, turning it into a regional power 1900 BC: the Assyrians emerge from the holy city of Ashur (north Iraq) to establish colonies in Anatolia with headquarters in Nesa (Kanes, Kultepe) 1809 BC: Shamshi-Adad conquers the cities of Mari, Ashur and Ekallutum, and thus creates the Assyrian empire 1792 BC: Hammurabi, sixth king of the Amorite dynasty, is crowned king of Babylon 1775 BC: Work begins on the Etemenanki, the ziggurath to god Marduk, in Babylon 1763 BC: Hammurabi conquers the city-state of Larsa, and thus Ur, Uruk, Isin 1650 BC: Hattusili, son or nephew of Labarna, founds the Hittite kingdom, moves the capital from Kussara to Hattusa (150 kms east of Ankara) and adopts the language of Nesa 1595 BC: the Hittites under king Mursili I conquer the kingdom of Iamhad (Aleppo) and raid Babylon, thus ending the Amorite dynasty 1530 BC: the Kassites build a new capital, Durkurigalzu 1250 BC: the Assyrian army employs iron swords, lances, metal armors 1250 BC: the Elamites build the ziggurat at Choga Zambil, the largest of all times 1237 BC: Hittite king Hattusili III dies and is succeeded by his son Tudhaliya IV, who builds a palace on the acropolis of the capital, Hattusa 965 BC: Solomon becomes king of Israel, with capital in Jerusalem 922 BC: king Solomon dies and the Hebrew kingdom splits in two, Israel to the north (capital Samaria) and Judea to the south (Jerusalem) 911 BC: Assyrian king Asurdan II dies and is succeeded by Adadnirari II, who restores Assyrian power 824 BC: king Shalmeneser III of Assyria dies after conquering Palestine, Turkey, and southern Mesopotamia 729 BC: Tiglath-Pileser III appoints himself king of Babylon, thus reigning over both Assyria and Babylon 727 BC: Tiglath-Pileser III dies and is succeeded by Shalmaneser V, who conquers Israel 705 BC: Sargon II of Assyria dies and is succeeded by his son Sennacherib, who moves the capital back to Nineveh and builds a royal palace 700 BC: Achaemenes founds the Achaemenid dynasty of Persia in Anshan, subject to Media 681 BC: Assyrian king Sennacherib dies and is succeeded by his son Esarhaddon, who rebuilds Babylon 612 BC: the Babylonians, led by king Nabopolassar, and their allies the Medes, led by Cyaxares, destroy the Assyrian capital of Nineveh (as well as Nimrud) and split the Assyrian empire (Mesopotamia to Babylon and Elam to Media) while Egypt recovers control of Palestine and Syria 580 BC: Nebuchadnezzar II builds eight monumental gates, the Esagila complex, the seven-storey ziggurat, and the Hanging Gardens 518 BC: Darius founds the new capital of Persia, Persepolis 331 BC: Alexander the Great conquers Persia (battle of Gaugamela) and destroys Persepolis, ending the Achaemenid dynasty 323 BC: Alexander the Great dies at Babylon and his empire is carved into three empires: Cassander rules over Greece and Macedonia, Lysimachus rules over Thracia and Asia Minor, Ptolemy rules over Egypt, Judea, Syria, Mesopotamia and India 265 BC: Antiochus I founds Antiochia in old Margiana (Mary, Merv) to guard from invasions of the Parni 246 BC: defeated by Ptolemy III Euergetes, the Seleucid empire loses eastern lands to the Parthians and to Pergamum 188 BC: Pergamum conquers the Seleucid lands of Lydia, Phrygia, Lycaonia, Pisidia 141 BC: the Parthians of Mithradates I conquer Media and Elam from the Seleucids, while Edessa becomes de-facto independent 126 BC: the Parthians under Artabanus II conquer Babylonia from the Seleucids, who now control only Syria 69 BC: Rome invades Tigranes' Armenian kingdom and edstroys its capital, Tigranocerta 78 AD: Kanishka, king of the Kushan, enlarges the kingdom from Bactria into Uzbekistan, Kashmir, Punjab, moves the capital to Peshawar and promotes Buddhism 116: Roman emperor Trajan defeats the Parthian king Vologezes III and conquers Mesopotamia, including the Parthian capital Ctesiphon 224: Ardashir, descendant of the priest Sassan, seizes the throne of Persia/Parthia, ends the Arsacid dynasty, and becomes the first Sassanid king with capital in Istakhr (near Persepolis) and Zoroastrianism as the official religion 225: Ardashir I Sassanid defeats Artabanus V, last Parthian ruler, and moves the capital to Ctesiphon 250: Shahpur I establishes the library of Jondi Shahpur, one of the largest in the world 276: Mani is crucified by the Sassanids for tring to incorporate Judaism, Christianity and Zoroastrianism into one religion ("manicheism") 380: Buddhist monks carve two giant Buddha statues in the rock at Bamiya, Bactria (Afghanistan) 460: Persian king Firuz persecutes Jews, who emigrate to Arabia 528: the Sassanid intellectual Mazdak advocates the abolition of private property, the division of wealth, nonviolence and vegetarianism

Continue reading